Betta fish is widely known as the Siamese Fighting fish or Betta Splendens is a famous captive fish in for commercial markets. These belong to the Gourami Family which are highly territorial fish species. The fish species is native to the Southeast Asia region mainly in Mekong basin of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and around Chao Phraya river. These fish are able to live in standing water of canals, rice paddies, and floodplains. Betta fish is now considered as Vulnerable by the IUCN red list of threatened species.
Betta Fish Characteristics
Betta fish is a popular aquarium fish in the trade. Betta generally grows small length which makes them able to manage in the small aquariums and tanks. Tank for these fish can be small or medium sized. These can get the length up to 6.5 cm. This is the length of captive fish while it may differ in the wild habitat or open ocean. The fish species are known for their vibrant and bright coloration and large, flowing fins. Betta splendens usually have dull green, brown or grey natural coloration while the fins of the wild fish are quite short in size. They show strong colors when they frightened.
Betta Fish Habitat
Betta Fish species is widespread to the Mekong basin of Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and commonly seen at Chao Phraya river in Thailand. It can occasionally found in standing water of canals, floodplains, and rice paddies. The fish species is listed as the Vulnerable by the IUCN red list of threatened species. The fish species is endemic in shallow water areas of Thailand in marshes or paddy fields. The fish has the primary threat from the population and deconstruction of natural habitat, as farmlands continuously developed across Central Thailand.
Betta Fish food
The betta splendens (Betta fish) is an insectivore fish species. The food of these fish comprises crustaceans, zooplankton, and larvae of the mosquitoes or other insects bound with water. The captive diet of fish may have some different diet because it depends on the fish keeper. Most of the fish keepers feed a varied diet of pellets or frozen foods such as brine shrimp, daphnia, bloodworms, and many others. These fish is not readily consumed vegetation. But in the security of the food or they feel hungry, these may eat the other tank mate food if available.
Betta fish tank
Yet they have a small size, these can’t be kept in the tank or bowl less than 5 gallons of water capacity. It is also debatable that these fish species inhabits in rice paddies. If possible, then keep the betta fish in a 7-8 gallon of the water tank. It is recommended best betta tank that you have at your house in the less space. The tank of the fish should have a good quality filter already installed to regularly cleaning of water.
Betta Splendens Behavior
Betta fish is considered as the aggressive, solitary fish. The male may show some peace during the breeding season, while the female may attack in the reproduction time. Some aquarists believe that the fish behaves oddly because of not providing the preferable environment. The fish keeping with the peaceful fish species may dangerous as this fish might harass or bite on their fins.
Betta Fish Breeding
Male betta fish will extend out their gills, spread the fins and twist their bodies seems like dancing to attract the female. The female fish coloration will turn into darken color if she has an interest in the other fish species. Male fish have the responsibility of building the bubble nest for the spawning eggs. The bubble nest usually attached to the plantation in the water. The female lay around 10-40 eggs during the breeding season. The female should be removed from the breeding tank after spawning. The male has the responsibility to guard the eggs and it may also kill the female fish in the breeding tank if not removed the fish from the breeding aquarium.
Betta Fish eggs
After spawning, the female should be removed from the breeding tank. The eggs of the fish captured in the bubble nests that builds by the male betta fish. The fish eggs remain in the male fish protection after spawning. The incubation of the eggs requires up to 24-36 hours to hatch. The newly hatched larvae remain in the nest until it absorbs all yolk. The labyrinth organ in these fish develops within three to six weeks of age that allows these fish to breathe atmospheric oxygen. These fish becomes sexually mature at the age of 4-5 months.
Betta fish hatching time
The betta fish eggs take about 24-36 hours to be hatched from the eggs. After hatching, they are hungry and start eating yolk available in the nest. When the entire yolk is absorbed, these are able to survive in the outer water and come out from the nest and start searching for easy food that they can feed. The fish species takes 4-5 months to reach the sexual maturity.
Betta fish jumping out of bowl
The betta fish tank should be covered with the lid from the top as it may jump out from the tank that causes death. There are few cases were noticed where the keeper using the higher level of water in the aquarium without lid or cover. These fish might jump out from the tank that can prevent by using the lowering the water of a tank or use a transparent lid or cover without affecting the lighting in the tank.
Betta fish lifespan
The fish lifespan in the captivity can up to 3-5 years. The lifespan of the fish may increase by giving good care and diet. An experienced fish keeper successfully increases the lifespan up to one more year by managing the water parameters, diet, and nutrition.
Betta Fish Facts
- Betta fish species referred for the 70 fish species.
- These are considered territorial and aggressive fish species.
- These fish species are omnivorous.
- The betta may have different tail shapes.
- These fish found in wild habitat has a dull brown and green color.
- Male and female differentiation is easy in this fish species.
- These fish are able to breathe directly from the environment and can live for a short time out of the water.
- Male fish builds the bubble nest for the eggs.
- The eggs get the parental protection from the male fish.
Check out more about Fish Species